The museum of timber
is the wealth, the beauty and the pride of the Carpathian mountains.
It covers almost a half of the territory of Zakarpatska region.
Beeches and firs make up 90 per cent among the various sorts of
trees. They are considered to be perfect building material. That
is why it is not strange that industrial usage of wood started
to develop long ago.
the main occupation of the local inhabitants was, except cattle
breeding, forest-works. Forest not only fed people, but also warm
and protect them from invaders. Dwellings, domestic buildings,
transport facilities, tools, different things of family life –
tureens, spoons, barrels, tables, benches, cupboards etc., were
made of wood.
the course of time people accumulated the experience of wood processing,
the methods of building both structurally simple and difficult
constructions, which were weatherproof, fit for life and industrial
our time there are a lot of remarkable and original examples of
people's wooden buildings (dwelling, household, religious and
industrial constructions) preserved. Among them one can admire
the unique technical construction of XIX century – the wooden
dam in the Chorna Rika (the Black River), which flows across Mizhgirsky
district. This dam was used for timber rafting. The rafts were
called the bokory. Complicated technical and architectural solution
of this dam was based on the experience of practical usage of
violent mountain rivers for domesticity and on the riches of people’s
rich Carpathian forests supplied people with a fair amount of
timber, manufacturers faced the problem of its transportation.
The cheapest way was timber rafting. That was the reason of erecting
dam in the Chorna Rika. By the way, timber-rafting dams were rather
popular formerly, but they have not been preserved by present